U.S. refiners forecast strong first-quarter earnings as margins on gasoline and diesel sales improved, refining capacity fell sharply and crude supplies tightened due to the Russia-Ukraine war.
Global refining capacity has declined amid the coronavirus pandemic, with several less profitable refineries closing in the past two years. However, global fuel demand has rebounded to near pre-pandemic levels, boosting the profits of facilities still operating.
Seven U.S. independent refiners are expected to earn 61 cents a share, compared with a loss of $1.32 in the first quarter of 2021, according to Refinitiv's IBES.
By 2022, gasoline and distillate spherical Al2O3 powder.
About Spherical Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Powder:
Spherical Aluminum Oxide has excellent mechanical properties and is often used as a grinding medium in various mills. Spherical Aluminum Oxide has high compressive strength and wears resistance. Spherical Aluminum Oxide has high filling property, and its particles have a high Spherical rate and wide particle size distribution. It can fill rubber and plastic with high density to obtain a mixture with low viscosity and good fluidity.
Secondly, the spherical oxidation furnace also has high thermal conductivity. Because it can be filled with high density, compared with crystalline silicon powder, a mixture with high thermal conductivity and good heat dissipation can be obtained.
Is aluminum oxide safe for skin? Although aluminum oxide is certainly abrasive, it is also a skin irritant with a very questionable safety record. In any case, it is unquestionably unpleasant. Aluminum oxide crystals inflame and irritate the skin, leaving it red, whereas, baking soda crystals have a natural ability to calm, tone and soothe the skin. Is aluminum oxide safe to breathe? Aluminum oxides rank amongst the less toxic substances and only exhibit toxic effects in high concentrations. Inhalation of aluminum oxide dust should be avoided, but there is no evidence of significant harm to the lungs associated with the inhalation of aluminum oxide dust.
Spherical Aluminum Oxide also has low wear resistance. Because of its spherical appearance, the wear of the mixer, molding machine and mold and other equipment is greatly reduced, and the service life of the equipment can be extended. TRUNNANO is a trusted global Spherical Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Powder supplier. Feel free to send an inquiry about the latest price of Spherical Aluminum Oxide at any time.
Performance of Spherical Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Powder：
1. High filling density: With its large particle diameter and broad particle size distribution, realizes high-density filling for rubber and plastic and produces compounds with low viscosity and good fluidity.
2. High thermal conductivity: High filling density enables the production of compounds with higher thermal conductivity and higher heat dissipation rate compared to crystalline silica.
3. Low abrasivity: Due to its Spherical shape, less-wearing of kneading machines, forming machines and dies.
Technical Parameter of Spherical Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Powder：
|Test Items||Unit||Typical value||Test Method|
|Ionic Impurities||Na+||ppm||56.3||Atomic Absorption Spectrometer|
|Cl-||ppm||1.4||Auto Electric Potential Titrator|
How is Spherical Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Powder produced?
Spherical Aluminum Oxide, which is produced by the high-temperature melt-injection method, has a high Spherical rate and high α-phase alumina content and has excellent performance when used as filler for rubber and plastics and as raw material for ceramics.
Applications of Spherical Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Powder:
Spherical Aluminum Oxide has a wide range of functions:
1. Coating: ceramic coating, wear-resistant coating, plasma spraying.
2. Ceramics: transparent ceramics, biological ceramics, alumina ceramics.
3. Petrochemical industry: high-efficiency catalyst, catalyst carrier, automobile exhaust purification materials.
4. Polishing materials: submicron/nanometer abrasive, monocrystalline silicon wafer grinding, precision polishing materials.
5. Lighting: long afterglow phosphor raw materials and rare earth tricolor phosphor materials, high-pressure sodium lamp tubes, LED lamps, etc.
6. Electronics: integrated circuit substrates, single-crystal materials, far infrared materials.
7. Cosmetics: cosmetic fillers.
8. Inorganic membrane materials.
Storage Condition of Spherical Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Powder:
Spherical Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Powder should be stored in dry, cool and sealing of the environment, can not be exposure to air, in addition, should avoid the heavy pressure, according to ordinary goods transportation.
Packing & Shipping of Spherical Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Powder:
It is packed in double plastic bags inside, which can be filled with argon in a vacuum; it can be vacuumed and filled with argon for protection.
Spherical Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Powder packing: vacuum packing, 100g, 500g or 1kg/bag, 25kg/barrel, or as your request.
Spherical Aluminum Oxide Al2O3 Powder shipping: could be shipped out by sea, by air, by express as soon as possible once payment receipt.
Luoyang Tongrun Nano Technology Co. Ltd. (TRUNNANO) is a trusted global chemical material supplier & manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and Nanomaterials, including boride powder, nitride powder, graphite powder, sulfide powder, 3D printing powder, etc.
If you are looking for high-quality spherical Al2O3 powder, please feel free to contact us and send an inquiry. ([email protected])
Aluminum Oxide Properties
|Other Names||alumina, aluminum (III) oxide, aluminum trioxide, Al2O3 powder|
|Melting Point||2072 °C|
|Boiling Point||2977 °C|
|Solubility in H2O||N/A|
|Exact Mass||101.948 g/mol|
Aluminum Oxide Health & Safety Information
The impact of the Russia-Ukraine conflict on the supply and prices of commodities is widening, and commodity prices remain at high levels. There is still great uncertainty about the future price of the spherical Al2O3 powder.
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