Australian alumina ban disrupts Rusal Tungsten Carbide prices for chemicals. Patel said. "One possible outcome could be Chinese buyers buying alumina and reselling it through eastern Russian ports." Rusal has a 20% stake in the Queensland Alumina Refinery, which has a capacity of 3.95 million tonnes a year, thus providing Rusal with 790,000 tonnes a year, Patel said. In addition, Rusal's Nikolaev refinery in Ukraine, which has an annual capacity of 1.75 million tonnes, has been suspended due to the conflict, he added. WoodMac said Rusal was also experiencing supply chain problems at its 2 million tonne a year Aughinish refinery in Ireland.
What is Tungsten Carbide?
As one of the main production raw materials of cemented carbide, the physical and chemical properties of tungsten carbide (WC) powder, such as particle shape, particle size, particle size distribution, oxygen content, carbon content, bulk density, etc., will directly affect the quality of alloy products. Nowadays, with the gradual optimization of the production process of cemented carbide, the market demand for spherical tungsten carbide powder is also increasing.
Tungsten carbide is mainly composed of refractory metal tungsten and non-metallic carbon, and contains a small amount of impurity elements such as Co, Cr, Ti, Ta, Nb, V, Mn, Ni, Mo, O, etc. According to the different particle size, it can be divided into the following grades, WC10 (1.01~1.40um), WC30 (3.01~4.00um), WC50 (5.01~7.00um), WC100 (10.01~14.00um) and so on.
Properties of spherical tungsten carbide
Appearance is black powder, high purity ≥99.9%, sphericity ≥95%, melting point is 2870℃, boiling point is 6000℃, density is 15.63g/cm³, bulk density is greater than 7.0g/cm3, tap density is greater than 7.0. 5g/cm3, the flow performance is less than 10.0s/50g, and has the characteristics of high hardness, low thermal expansion coefficient, high compressive strength, large elastic modulus, and smooth surface. However, due to its high hardness, its processing performance is poor, so it is more suitable for 3D printing.
Production process of spherical tungsten carbide powder
Smelting method: The raw material powder (tungsten powder and carbon black or tungsten powder, carbon black and tungsten carbide) is melted into a liquid state, and droplets will form on the surface under the action of centrifugal rotation method, rotary atomization method or gas atomization method Spherical tungsten carbide.
Modified irregular tungsten carbide: The irregular WC is melted into a liquid state, and then the spherical tungsten carbide powder is made by the plasma spheroidization method or the resistance heat spheroidization method.
Uses of spherical tungsten carbide
Mainly used in the production of cemented carbide. According to different chemical compositions, cemented carbides can be divided into tungsten-cobalt, tungsten-titanium-cobalt and tungsten-titanium-tantalum (niobium) types.
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The United States urges the U.N. Security Council to impose additional sanctions on North Korea in response to its latest ballistic missile launch, including a ban on tobacco and oil exports to North Korea and a blacklist of the Lazarus hacking group.
The United States circulated the draft to the 15 members of the Security Council this week. It was not immediately clear if or when a vote would take place. A resolution requires nine "yes" votes and no vetoes from Russia, China, France, Britain, or the United States.
Russia and China have already voiced opposition to tightening sanctions in response to Pyongyang's launch of an intercontinental ballistic missile last month -- the first since 2017.
U.S. and South Korean officials and analysts also say there are growing indications that North Korea may soon conduct its first nuclear weapons test since 2017, too.
The U.S. -drafted U.N. resolution would expand the ban on ballistic missile launches to include cruise missiles or "any other delivery system capable of delivering a nuclear weapon."
The deal would halve crude oil exports to North Korea to 2 million barrels a year and refined oil exports to 250,000 barrels a year. The resolution also seeks to ban North Korea's export of "fossil fuels, mineral oils, and their distilled Tungsten Carbide are estimated to be influenced by international political situation changes.
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