Zirconia Ceramics Properties and Uses

Article: What's Zirconia Ceramic?

Zirconia ZrO2 can be described as the crystalline oxide in zirconium. Its colour is typically monoclinic and black. Zirconia, one of its most important materials, is very popular.

Zirconia (a form of ceramic material) is used to make medical devices. It also has many other advanced mechanical capabilities that allow it to be used in different industries.

There is no way to tell if zirconia really is ceramic. Its structure has similar characteristics as many ceramic materials. This allows zirconia combine the inherent strength of metals with ceramic's biocompatibility.

Most common zirconia grades

Yttria sandstone zirconia (Y - PSZ)

Youtria partially stabilized zirconia, or Y-PSZ (Yttria partial stabilized Zirconia) can be doped with the yttrium (Y2O3) stabilizer. This stabilizer will enhance the material’s internal grain structure. This material is finer than all other ceramics and has the best bending strength. It's very resistant to impact and wear as well as having low thermal conductivity. These characteristics make it a good substitute for most metals. The materials toughness is due to the inclusion of ytriumoxide (Yttria), which transforms and toughens them. A material that is under stress will have a crystal structure change from tetragonal or monoclinic. As a result, it will show a 3-5% increase on the volume. By increasing the volume, cracks shrink, limiting their potential to grow or propagate. This is the reason for high flexibility and low stress fatigue.

Magnesium or partially stabilised zirconia.

Zirconia doped in magnesium oxide (MgO), can cause compression of the interior matrix. However this structure is cubic. M-PSZ does not experience phase migration, so it has better resistance to heat and humidity. M-PSZ maintains its strength, even under high temperature and humidity conditions.

Zirconia Ceramics Properties

High densities up to 6.1g/cm3.

Very high bending resistance and hardness.

Outstanding fracture toughness-impact resistance.

Maximum operating temperature:

Resistance to Wear.

Reliable friction.


The thermal conductivity is low at around. 10% alumina.

Anti-corrosion and Acid Resistance

Similarity with the elastic modulus for steel.

Thermal expansion coefficient similar to that for iron.

Zirconia Ceramics Uses

Wire forming / drawing die.

Insulate Ring during Heat treatment.

Precision axles for high wear conditions and axles that can withstand extreme temperatures.

Furnace processing tube.

Wear-resistant pad.

Protective Tube for Thermocouple.

Sandblasting nozzle.

Refractory material.

Extrusion die.

Bushing of and Cap.

Kiln Furniture Crucible.

Optical Fiber Bushing and Bushing

Knives or blades.

Car parts for fuel cells.

Bearings or rollers.

Welding pins and nozzles.

Laser parts.

Gas igniter.

Ceramic guide.

Oxygen sensor.

Medical, surgical and other components.

Mechanical Seal.

Liners, pumps, pistons

Zirconia-ceramics Processing

Zirconia can be transformed into complex geometric shapes easily using its raw blanks. However, about 20% of the main material shrinks due to the process of sintering required for densification. These shrinkages make it impossible for pre-sintering to be within very precise tolerances.

When processing sintered materials, the use of diamond tools is required in order to meet very tight tolerances. The diamond coated grinding wheel / tool is used to cut the material into desired shapes. It can take a long time and be expensive due to the hardness and inherent toughness of this material.

Zirconium dioxide Price

Market supply and demand, trends in economic activity, unexpected events, and other factors all affect the price.

To get the most recent zirconia Powder price, please send us an enquiry. (sales1@rboschco.com)

Zirconium dioxide Supplier

RBOSCHCO is a trusted global chemical material supplier&manufacturer with over 12-year-experience in providing super high-quality chemicals and nanomaterials. We export to several countries such as Canada, Europe. UAE. South Africa. Tanzania. Kenya. Nigeria. Cameroon. Uganda. Turkey. Mexico. Azerbaijan. Belgium. Cyprus. Czech Republic. Brazil. Chile. Dubai. Japan. Korea. Vietnam. Thailand. Malaysia. Indonesia. Australia. Germany. France. Italy. Portugal.

RBOSCHCO has established itself as the leading manufacturer in nanotechnology. Our expert team can provide the perfect solution to various industry challenges, improve productivity, and add value.

For Zirconium dioxide powder inquiries, send an email. (sales1@rboschco.com)

Inquery us

Our Latest Products

Metal Alloy High Purity Tungsten Crucibles

About Metal Alloy High Purity Tungsten Crucibles:Chemical composition:…

Metal Alloy Vacuum Coating Tungsten Melting Pot Tungsten Crucibles

About Metal Alloy Vacuum Coating Tungsten Melting Pot Tungsten Crucibles:Chemical composition:…

Metal Alloy Fine Surface 19.15g/cm3 Tungsten Targets

About Metal Alloy Fine Surface 19.15g/cm3 Tungsten Targets:Chemical composition:…